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[除夕的来历用英文怎么翻译]英文翻译《春节的由

发布时间: 2021-01-02 13:23:38 来源: 百科讲坛 阅读数:

导语 : [除夕的来历用英文怎么翻译]英文翻译《春节的由来》 问题:春节和年的概念,最初的含意来自农业,古时人们把谷的生长周期称为“年”。《说文·禾部》:“年,年画谷熟也。”在夏

[除夕的来历用英文怎么翻译]英文翻译《春节的由来》

问题:春节和年的概念,最初的含意来自农业,古时人们把谷的生长周期称为“年”。《说文·禾部》:“年,年画谷熟也。”在夏商时代产生了夏历,以月亮圆缺的周期为月,一年划分为十二个月,每月以不见月亮的那天为朔,正月朔日的子时称为岁首,即一年的开始,也叫年,年的名称是从周朝开始的,至了西汉才正式固定下来,一直延续到今天。但古时的正月初一被称为“元旦”,直到中国近代辛亥革命胜利后,南京临时政府为了顺应农时和便于统计,规定在民间使用夏历,在政府机关、矿场、学校和团体中实行公历。

1949年9月27日,在中国人民政治协商会议第一届全体会议上,通过了使用世界上通用的公历纪元,把公历的元月一日定为元旦,俗称阳历年;农历正月初一通常都在立春前后,因而把农历正月初一定为“春节”,俗称阴历年。

传统意义上的春节是指从腊月初八的腊祭或腊月二十三的祭灶,一直到正月十五,其中以除夕和正月初一为春节的高潮。在春节这一传统节日期间,我国的汉族和大多数少数民族都要举行各种庆祝活动,这些活动大多以祭祀神佛、祭奠祖先、除旧布新、迎禧接福、祈求丰年为主要内容。活动形式丰富多彩,带有浓郁的民族特色。

Chinese-New-Year-and-the-years-the-concept-of-the-original-meaning-comes-from-agriculture,

the-ancient-people-called-the-Valley-of-the-growth-cycle

"year.""Wo-said-the-Ministry-of-Culture":",the-pictures-are-cooked-Valley."

Generated-in-the-Xia-and-Shang-era-of-lunar-calendar-to-the-moon's-period-of-months,

one-year-into-twelve-months,seen-a-month-to-the-day-of-the-moon-for-the-moon,

the-first-month-called-the-beginning-of-the-year-the-first-nine-days-of-midnight,

the-beginning-of-the-year,also-known-as,the-year-of-the-name-is-from-the-Zhou-Dynasty-began-to-formally-set-down-in-the-Western-Han-Dynasty,

has-continued-to-this-day.But-the-ancient-first-day-is-called

"New-Year's-Day"until-after-the-victory-of-Revolution-in-Modern-China,

Nanjing-Provisional-Government-to-comply-with-the-farming-season-and-statistical-purposes,

provides-for-civil-use-of-lunar-calendar,the-government,

mines,schools-and-organizations-in-the-implementation-of-the-Gregorian-calendar

.September27,1949,in-the-first-session-of-the-CPPCC-plenary-session,

adopted-the-Gregorian-calendar-with-the-world's-common-era,

to-the-Gregorian-calendar-on-January1as-New-Year's-Day,

commonly-known-as-the-solar-year;first-lunar-month-is-usually-before-and-after-the-beginning-of-spring,

which-is-the-beginning-of-the-Lunar-some-as-the"Spring-Festival",

commonly-known-as-the-lunar-year.Traditional-Spring-Festival-is-the-eighth-day-of-the-wax-from-the-twelfth-lunar-month-festival,

or-the-twelfth-lunar-month-XXIII-Jizao,until-the-fifteenth,

of-which-the-first-day-for-New-Year's-Eve-and-New-Year's-climax.

This-traditional-holiday-period,most-of-China's-ethnic-Han-Chinese-and-various-celebrations-are-held,

these-activities-are-to-worship-deities-and-ancestors,

blow-away-the-cobwebs,then-Fu-Ying-Hei,hope-of-the-harvest-as-the-main-content.

Rich-and-varied-forms-of-activities,with-strong-ethnic-characteristics.英文版:the-lunar-calendar-new-year-origin,

has-the-basis,also-is-rich-and-picks-the-varied-fable-to-be-possible-to-trace-to-several-millenniums-before;

most-is-famous-is"the-year-beast"fable."the-year-beast"

is-a-cruel-terrible-wild-animal,ancient-times-the-person-believed

"year-beast"when-lunar-new-year's-eve-night-can-come-out-eats-the-person.

the-fable"the-year-beast"extremely-fears-red,the-flame-and-quarrels-the-mixed-sound,

the-people-on-paste-the-red-paper-in-the-gate,and-selects-the-torch-all-night,

is-setting-off-the-artillery-candle,avoids"the-year-beast".

to-second-day-early-morning,"has-congratulated"the-sound-to-the-ear,

in-the-air-does-not-fill-the-air-is-defeating"the-year-beast"

the-victory-and-the-rebirth-joy.中文版:农历新年的来源,有根据,且丰富而多采多姿的传说可追溯到几千年前;其中最有名的就是「年兽」的传说。「年兽」是一个残忍凶猛的野兽,古代人相信「年兽」在除夕夜时会出来吃人。传说「年兽」极惧怕红色、火光及吵杂的声音,人们就在门上贴著红纸条,并整夜点著火炬、燃放炮烛,来避开「年兽」。到了第二天一大早,「恭喜」之声不绝於耳,空气中弥漫著打败「年兽」胜利与重生的喜悦。

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